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India, under Hindutva led BJP government, is becoming a hotpot for ethnic tensions between Hindus and Muslims. Muslims as a minority communal group, have been facing socio-economic, cultural/perceptual, structural and political discrimination in India that has amounted up to the persisting sense of collective grievance among the members of community. Research explains how erosion of democratic apparatus of state; has rendered Muslim minority with the only available option of violent political action. It has deployed a theoretical construct of Ethnic Security dilemma as well as Ted Robert Gurr’s model of minorities rebellion. It has explained that state repression provokes minorities to go violent. However, in India, owing to the lack of Group-cohesion and mobilization potential, Muslims have not yet transcended towards de-legitimization of state apparatus, or Rebellion. Future of the Conflict depends upon the State policies as well as the potential of the group, If the state keeps on launching autocratic Anti-Muslim communal violence, leaving no democratic way out, Muslims can resort to Rebellion as the only way out
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